|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Mercurial Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 227-28)
|to live by their own internal code of values||being influenced by others or by the norms of society||live by their own internal code of values; are not strongly influenced by other people or by the norms of society||failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest|
|to engage in high risk activities||boredom||daring; love the thrill of risk and routinely engage in high-risk activities||reckless disregard for safety of self and others|
|to take advantage of the weaknesses of others||consideration of others||do not worry much about others because they expect each human being to be responsible for themselves||lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another|
|to persuade people to do what they want them to do||being deceived, manipulated, or exploited by others||are silver-tongued, gifted in the gentle art of winning friends and influencing people||deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure|
|for sexual variety||being tied down in a monogamous relationship||relish sex; have a strong sex drive and enjoy numerous sexual experiences with different partners||have never sustained a totally monogamous relationship for more than one year|
|to keep moving and exploring||settling down||love to keep moving, settling down only to have the urge to pick up and go explore, move out, move on||wanderlust|
|to earn an independent free-lance living by talent, skills, ingenuity and wit||the nine-to-five world||avoid the nine-to-five world; prefer to earn an independent free-lance living; do not worry about finding work; live well by their talents, skills, ingenuity, and wits||is unable to sustain consistent work behavior as indicated by...|
|to spend money||are easy and generous with money, believing that money should be spent and that more will turn up somewhere||repeatedly fails to honor financial obligations, as indicated by defaulting on debts or failure to provide child support or support for...|
|to raise hell and make mischief||were usually high-spirited hell-raisers and mischief makers||(conduct disorder as child or adolescent)|
|to be physically bold and tough||being exploited or taken advantage of||are courageous, physically bold, and tough; will stand up to anyone who dares to try to take advantage of them||irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults|
|to live without concern for consequences||concern for consequences||live in the present; do not feel guilty about the past or anxious about the future; life is meant to be experienced now||impulsivity or failure to plan ahead|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Adventurous type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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