|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Idiosyncratic Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 345-45)
(not completely correlated)
|to dominate; to be in charge; to have power, authority, responsibility; control||to be without power||commanding; take charge; are comfortable with power, authority, and responsibility||uses physical cruelty or violence to establish dominance in relationships|
|traditional power structure; hierarchical lines of authority||operate best within traditional power structure where everyone knows his or her place and the lines of authority are clear||humiliates or demeans people in the presence of others|
|self-discipline; to have those in their charge follow their rules||having those in their charge not follow the rules which they have imposed||highly disciplined; impose rules of order that they expect those in their charge to follow||treated or disciplined someone under their control unusually harshly|
|to be pragmatic||take a pragmatic, practical approach to accomplishing their objectives; do what is necessary to get the job done||amused or takes pleasure in the psychological or physical suffering of others|
|to accomplish goals||things which distract them from accomplishing their goals||highly goal oriented||lies for the purpose of harming or inflicting pain on others|
|action, adventure, competition, and being physically assertive||active and adventurous; physically assertive; competitive in sports, especially contact sports||is fascinated by violence, weapons, martial arts, injury, or torture|
|for people to do what they want them to do||neither sqeamish or fainthearted; can function well in difficult situations without being distracted by fear or horror||gets people to do what they want by frightening them|
|control of those with whom they have a close relationship||protective of and responsible for those with whom they have a close relationship||restricts the autonomy of people with whom they have a close relationship|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Aggressive type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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