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PTypes A Correspondence of Psychiatric, Keirsey, and Enneagram Typologies Depressive

Research criteria for Depressive Personality Disorder

A. A pervasive pattern of depressive cognitions and behaviors begining by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:

  1. usual mood is dominated by dejection, gloominess, cheerlessness, joylessness, unhappiness
  2. self-concept centers around beliefs of inadequacy, worthlessness, and low self-esteem
  3. is critical, blaming, and derogatory toward self
  4. is brooding and given to worry
  5. is negativistic, critical, and judgmental toward others
  6. is pessimistic
  7. is prone to feeling guilty or remorseful

B. Does not occur exclusively during Major Depressive Episodes and is not better accounted for by Dysthymic Disorder.

Source: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV. 4th ed. Washington: APA, 1994. pg. 733.

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