|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Aggressive Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 131-32)
|attention||being ignored||like to be seen and noticed; often the center of attention; rise to the occasion when all eyes are on them||uncomfortable in situations in which they are not the center of attention|
|to be sexually attractive||sexually attractive; seductive, engaging, charming||interaction with others often characterized by inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behavior|
|to react emotionally to events||feeling; live in an emotional world; sensation oriented, emotionally demonstrative, physically affectionate; react emotionally to events||rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotion|
|to present an attractive physical appearance||pay a lot of attention to grooming; enjoy clothes, style, and fashion||consistently uses physical appearance to draw attention to self|
|to have a dramatic, stimulating style of speech||experiences life vividly and expansively; have rich imaginations, tell entertaining stories, and are drawn to romance and melodrama||has a style of speech that is excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail|
|to dramatically express emotion||expressive; display their emotions freely and openly||shows self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion|
|others' guidance, help, and considered opinions||eagerly responds to new ideas and suggestions by others||is suggestible, easily influenced by others or circumstances|
|intimate relationships||easily put their trust in others; are able to become quickly involved in relationships||consider relationships to be more intimate than they actually are|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Dramatic type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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