Needs of the Exuberant Type
The needs of the Exuberant type are derived from the description of the Exuberant personality type and development of the Cyclothymic personality disorder construct. In Stoic philosophical and psychological theory these needs are vices. They are analogous to Karen Horney's neurotic needs, which are better called irrational needs. They are irrational because they require things not in our power and involve false judgment of what is good or evil. (see G. Sterling).
Irrational needs are vices. The vices listed below are based on certain false values. The source of every vice is a false judgment of what is good or evil. But our judgments are in our power. Therefore, our vices are in our power.
The idealized image is chiefly a glorification of the needs which have developed (Horney, pg. 277).
- needs pleasure; needs to avoid pain
- needs constant activity
- needs pleasurable experiences
- needs extreme and intense emotional experiences
- needs a positive view of past achievements and a positive anticipation of the future
- needs social situations to be good and to work out well
- needs to be able to go without sleep
- needs to see oneself as good
- needs a high level of creativity
- needs a high level of productivity and to produce high quality work
- needs people and sex
- needs one's activity, whatever one is doing, to be good
- needs money
- needs romance and sex
- needs the stimulation or relaxation of alcohol and/or drugs
- needs current experiences to be good
- needs new residences and new geographic locations
- needs knowledge, skill, expertise, and mastery in certain selected areas of interest
- needs self-confidence, sensuality, creativity, and efficiency
- needs creative work
Cyclothymic personality, or character, disorder is comprised of these and other irrational needs, or vices.
Values of the Exuberant Type
Karen Horney (1950). Neurosis and Human Growth. New York: W. W. Norton.
Grant Sterling (2005). "Core Stoicism." International Stoic Forum.