PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes A Brief Theory of Bad Character Conscientious Vices


Exuberant Character

Irrational Need
(False Good)
Irrational Need to Avoid
(False Bad)
Idealized Image Personality Disorder
Cyclothymic
pleasure pain Epicurean hedonistic
intense emotional experiences (excitement) passionate hypomanic periods and moods alternating with depressive periods and moods
constant activity active hyperactivity
pleasurable activities and experiences know how to enjoy themselves becomes excessively involved in pleasurable activities with lack of concern for the high potential of painful consequences
a positive view of past and future achievements optimistic alternates between over-optimism or exaggeration of past achievement, and a pessimistic attitude toward future or brooding about past events
social situations to be good, and to work out well gregarious more talkative than usual with inappropriate laughing, joking, and punning
to be able to go without sleep able to go without sleep has a decreased need for sleep alternating with hypersomnia
to see oneself as excellent self-confident naive grandiose overconfidence alternating with lack of self-confidence
to have a high level of creativity creative periods of sharpened and creative thinking alternating with periods of mental confusion and apathy
a high level of productivity, and to produce high quality work productive and produces high quality work marked unevenness in the quantity and quality of productivity
for people and sex a good lover engages in uninhibited people-seeking (that may lead to hypersexuality) alternating with introverted self-absorption
for one's activity, or interest, whatever one is doing, to be good flexible and adaptive frequently shifts line of work, study, interest, or future plans
money; possessions a good money earner and provider engages in occasional financial extravagance
romance and sex romantic has a tendency toward promiscuity, with repeated conjugal or romantic failure
for the stimulation or relaxation of alcohol and/or drugs can handle their liquor may use alcohol or drugs to control moods or to augment excitement
for current experiences to be good has high standards has irritable -angry-explosive outbursts that alienate loved ones
new residences and new geographic locations loves to travel and live in new places makes frequent changes in residence or geographical location
for knowledge, skill, expertise, and mastery in certain selected areas of interest knowledable, skillful, expert, and masterful perfectionism and devotion to an idealized self-image
self-confidence, sensuality, creativity, and efficiency self-confident, sensual, creative, and efficient perfectionism as to performance and outcomes
creative, or productive, work hardworking overly committed to creative work or productivity


A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Exuberant type are based on particular false values.

All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).

If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus


Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness

A Brief Theory of Bad Character



Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.





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