PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes A Brief Theory of Bad Character Inventive Vices

Idiosyncratic Character

Irrational Need
(False Good)
Irrational Need to Avoid
(False Bad)
Idealized Image
(Oldham, pp. 252-53)
Personality Disorder
Schizotypal
(not correlated)
self-direction and independence close relationships are self-directed and independent lack of close friends or confidants
an interesting, unusual, and eccentric lifestyle; nonconformity convention; conformity oblivious to convention; create interesting, unusual, often eccentric lifestyles odd beliefs or magical thinking
things of the occult, extrasensory, or supernatural the mundane open to anything; are interested in the occult, the extrasensory, and the supernatural odd thinking and speech
to have their own idiosyncratic feelings and belief system conventional emotional experience; adopting others' beliefs are tuned into and sustained by their own feelings and belief systems suspiciousness or paranoid ideation
abstract and speculative thinking concrete and conventional thinking are drawn to abstract and speculative thinking inappropriate or constricted affect
positive reactions from others being the object of others' attention though they are inner-directed and follow their own hearts and minds, are keen observers of others, particularly sensitive to how other people react to them excessive social anxiety; ideas of reference
behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar


A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Idiosyncratic type are based on particular false values.

All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).

If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus


Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness

A Brief Theory of Bad Character



Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.

John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.





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