PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes A Brief Theory of Bad Character Serious Vices

Leisurely Character

Irrational Need
(False Good)
Irrational Need to Avoid
(False Bad)
Idealized Image
(Oldham, pp. 203-204)
Personality Disorder
Passive-Aggressive
to be free to do as one pleases having to fulfill routine social and occupational tasks believe in their right to enjoy themselves on their own terms in their own time; value and protect their comfort, their free time, and their individual pursuit of happiness passively resist fulfilling routine social and occupational tasks
to be understood and appreciated by others being misunderstood and unappreciated by others agree to play by the rules; deliver what is expected of them and no more; expect others to recognize and respect that limit complains of being misunderstood and unappreciated by others
to resist the demands of others compliance with others' demands and expectations; external demands cannot be exploited; can comfortably resist acceding to demands that they deem unreasonable or above and beyond the call of duty is sullen and argumentative
to withhold respect for figures of authority submission to authority figures and their expectations and demands are not overawed by authority; accept themselves and their approach to life unreasonably criticizes and scorns authority
to possess the same advantages as possessed by others ill fortune and not getting the best in life believe that blind luck accounts for who fares well and who fares poorly expresses envy and resentment toward those apparently more fortunate
for a life of pleasure and comfort personal misfortunes believe that they are just as good as anyone else and as entitled to the best things in life voices exaggerated and persistent complaints of personal misfortune
to be free to do as ones pleases, but also to be taken care of being restricted; alienating those they depend on feel free to proceed in their own direction, yet do not like to risk important relationships alternate between hostile defiance and contrition


A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Leisurely type are based on particular false values.

All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).

If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus


Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness

A Brief Theory of Bad Character



Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.

John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.





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