|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Vigilant Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 180-81)
|acceptance; exclusive interpersonal contact with familiars||criticism, disapproval, rejection; significant interpersonal contact with non-familiars||unconditionally accepted; familiar: prefer the known to the unknown; comfortable with and inspired by habit, repetition, and routine||fears criticism, disapproval, or rejection; avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact|
|to be liked||being disliked||well-liked; concerned: care deeply what other people think of them||unwilling to get involved unless certain of being liked|
|to be restrained in intimate relations||attempts to shame or ridicule them||circumspect: behave with deliberate discretion; don't make hasty judgments or jump in before they know what is appropriate||fears being shamed or ridiculed; shows restraint within intimate relationships|
|for the familiar; habit, repetition, routine||new interpersonal situations||politely reserved, courteous, self-restrained||feelings of inadequacy; inhibited in new interpersonal situations|
|to be socially adept and personally appealing||being seen as socially inept or personally unappealing||socially adept, personally appealing||views self as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior|
|familiar, routine activities||new activities and personal risk; being embarrassed||plays their role well; does what is expected of them||is reluctant to take personal risks or to engage in any new activities because they may be embarrassing|
|approval and acceptance in social situations||being criticized or rejected in social situations||socially approved and accepted||preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Sensitive type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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