|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Self-Sacrificing Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 366-67)
|to see current circumstances, themselves, and the future as worse than they are||maintain a sober demeanor; are solemn and not given to emotional expression||usual mood is dominated by dejection, gloominess, cheerlessness, joylessness, and unhappiness|
|to have a negative view of themselves||are realistically aware of their own capabilities, but are also aware of their limitations; they are not tempted by vanity or self-importance||self-concept centers around beliefs of inadequacy, worthlessness, and low self-esteem|
|to see themselves as bad||hold themselves responsible for their actions; will not soft-pedal their own faults and do not let themselves off the hook||is critical, blaming, and derogatory toward self|
|bad things happening in the future||are thinkers, analyzers, evaluators, ruminators; will always play things over in their own minds before they act||is brooding and give to worry|
|to see others and their behavior as bad||are sharp appraisers of others; have ability to critique and evaluate other people||is negativistic, critical, and judgmental toward others|
|bad things happening in the future||anticipate problems and when the worst happens, they're prepared to deal with it||is pessimistic|
|to see things that they have done in the past as bad||suffer greatly when they realize they've been thoughtless or impolite to others||is prone to feeling guilty or remorseful|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Serious type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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