According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church:
"Sin is an offense against reason, truth, and right conscience; it is failure in genuine love for God and neighbor caused by a perverse attachment to certain goods. It wounds the nature of man and injures human solidarity. It has been defined as 'an utterance, a deed, or a desire contrary to the eternal law'. 1
"Sin is an offense against God: 'Against you, you alone, have I sinned, and done that which is evil in your sight'. 2 Sin sets itself against God's love for us and turns our hearts away from it. Like the first sin, it is disobedience, a revolt against God through the will to become 'like gods', 3 knowing and determining good and evil. Sin is thus 'love of oneself even to contempt of God'. 4 In this proud self-exaltation, sin is diametrically opposed to the obedience of Jesus, which achieves our salvation" 5 (pg. 453).
1. St. Augustine, Contra Faustum 22: PL 42, 418; St. Thomas Aquinas, STh I-II, 71, 6.
2. Ps 51:4
3. Gen 3:5
4. St. Augustine, De civ. Dei 14, 28: PL 41, 436.
5. Cf. Phil 2:6-9
Catholic Encyclopedia: Sin
U. S. Catholic Church (1994). Catechism of the Catholic Church. Washington, DC: United States Catholic Conference.
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