|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Leisurely Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 275-76)
|to be alone||close relationships and being part of a family||have small need of companionship and are most comfortable alone||neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family|
|solitude and solitary activities||lack of solitude; having to do things with others||are self-contained and do not require interaction with others in order to enjoy their experiences or to get on in life||almost always choose solitary activities|
|autoeroticism||sexual experiences with others||are not driven by sexual needs; enjoy sex but will not suffer in its absence||has little if any interest in having sexual experiences with another person|
|self-control||pleasure and pain||display an apparent indifference to pleasure and pain||takes pleasure in few activities|
|secrecy||intimacy, friendship, and confiding in others||are their own truest, most trusted companions, providing the most important resources they need||lacks close friends or confidants other than first degree relatives|
|to be unaffected and uninfluenced||praise and criticism||are unswayed by either praise or criticism and can confidently come to terms with their own behavior||appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others|
|to suppress emotion||expression of emotion and feeling||are even-tempered, calm, dispassionate, unsentimental, and unflappable||shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Solitary type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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