|PTypes - Personality Types|
|PTypes||A Brief Theory of Bad Character||Devoted Vices|
|Irrational Need to Avoid
(Oldham, pp. 319-20)
Not well correlated
|situations that lead to disappointment, failure, or mistreatment||accepting; are nonjudgmental, tolerant of others foibles, and never harshly reproving; stick with you through thick and thin||chooses people and situations that lead to disappointment, failure, or mistreatment|
|attempts by others to help them||serving; prime directive is to be helpful to others||rejects or renders ineffective the attempts of others to help them|
|positive personal events||long suffering; prefer to shoulder their own burden in life||following positive events, responds with depression, guilt, or a behavior that produces pain|
|to be hurt, defeated, or humiliated||humble; are neither boastful nor proud and are uncomfortable being fussed over; do not like being the center of attention; are uneasy in the limelight||incites angry or rejecting responses from others and then feels hurt, defeated, or humiliated|
|opportunities for pleasure, or acknowledging enjoying themselves||enduring; have much patience and a high tolerance for discomfort||rejects opportunities for pleasure, or is reluctant to acknowledge enjoying themselves|
|to sacrifice accomplishing their personal objectives||out of deference to others, are noncompetitive and unambitious, comfortable coming in second, even last||fails to accomplish tasks crucial to their personal objectives despite demonstrated ability to do so|
|people who consistently treat them badly||people who consistently treat them well||are always considerate in their dealings with others; are ethical, honest, and trustworthy||is uninterested in or rejects people who consistently treat them well|
|self-sacrifice||taking care of their own appropriate needs||generous; will give you the shirt off their back if you need it; do not wait to be asked||engages excessive self-sacrifice that is unsolicited by the recipient of the sacrifice|
A vice is a firmly held false belief of the value of something. Vices dispose us to value as good or bad things not in our power, things external to our moral character. But it is irrational and prideful to desire, or to desire to avoid, to fear, externals. The irrational needs, or vices, of the Self-Sacrificing type are based on particular false values.
All of the vices are rooted in pride, that firmly held false belief that we can provide ourselves with happiness by obtaining certain external 'goods' (cf. DeYoung, pp. 38-39).
If we are in the habit of making false value-judgments of particular externals, we should learn to bear the things falsely valued as bad, things for which we have an "irrational need to avoid," and forbear the things falsely valued as good, things for which we have an "irrational need." "Bear and Forbear" - Epictetus
Irrational Strategies for Obtaining Happiness
A Brief Theory of Bad Character
Rebecca DeYoung (2009). Glittering Vices: A New Look at the Seven Deadly Sins and Their Remedies. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.
John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam. Oldham and Morris list the key characteristics not of an idealized image, but of a style of normal functioning.
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