PTypes - Personality Types
PTypes Core Vices Leisurely Needs

Needs of the Solitary Type


The needs of the Solitary type are derived from John M. Oldham's description of the Solitary style. In Stoic philosophical and psychological theory these needs are vices. They are analogous to Karen Horney's neurotic needs, which are better called irrational needs. They are irrational because they require things not in our power and involve false judgment of what is good or evil. (see G. Sterling).

Irrational needs are vices. The vices listed below are based on certain false values. The source of every vice is a false judgment of what is good or evil. But our judgments are in our power. Therefore, our vices are in our power.

The idealized image is chiefly a glorification of the needs which have developed (Horney, pg. 277).

  • needs to avoid needing anyone but themselves (Oldham, 275)
  • needs to be unmoved by the madding crowd (275)
  • needs to be free from the drive to impress and please (275)
  • needs to be free of emotions and involvements that distract so many others (252)
  • needs to avoid companionship and be alone; needs solitude (275)
  • needs to be self-contained and to avoid interaction with others (275)
  • needs to remain even-tempered, calm, dispassionate, unsentimental, and unflappable (275)
  • needs to be indifferent to pain and pleasure (276)
  • needs to avoid sexual experiences (276)
  • needs to avoid praise and criticism (276)
  • needs to remain separate and to find greatest comfort, reassurance, and freedom alone with themselves (276)
  • needs to avoid others and to be alone (276)
  • needs to be dispassionate (278)
  • needs to avoid closeness and intimacy (278)
  • needs to avoid impulses, hungers, and delight in the pleasures of the flesh (280)
  • needs to disregard pain as well as passion (280)
  • needs to be indifferent to the emotional ties that bind others together (281)
  • needs much time to themselves in relationships (280)
  • needs to avoid careers that involve them deeply with people to whom they must be responsible (284-85)
  • needs to create little pockets of solitude around themselves, and to spend as much time in them as they can (286)

Schizoid personality, or character, disorder is comprised of these and other irrational needs, or vices.

Values of the Solitary Type

Karen Horney (1950). Neurosis and Human Growth. New York: W. W. Norton.

John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love, and Act the Way You Do. Rev. ed. New York: Bantam.

Grant Sterling (2005). "Core Stoicism." International Stoic Forum.

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Key to the Stoic Philosophy of Epictetus